Copyrights for articles published in the journal are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal or publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author’s responsibility to bring an Infringement action if so desired by the author.

Plagiarism Policy

The editorial board is very strict regarding plagiarism. The journal believes that taking the idea and work of others without giving them credit is unfair and dishonest. Furthermore, it is the responsibility of the authors to make sure that he / she has submitted an entirely original work and if he/she take some work of others then he/she must give due credit to the first author. As per policy of Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, if the similarity index of submitted manuscript is more than 19% then it will be rejected or it can be left at the decision of the Editorial Board for the purposes of a conditional acceptance.